The Sinclair ZX Spectrum was the successor to the ZX 81 released in the UK by Sinclair Research Ltd. in 1982. Affectionately regarded as the "Speccy," the Spectrum was Sinclair's first computer capable of color output, and is widely recognized for its complex 40-key rubber keyboard. The ZX Spectrum was particularly successful in the UK, and was one of the most popular personal computer throughout Europe in the 1980s.
The popularity of the Spectrum in Europe can be compared to that of the Commodore 64 in North America as it was made to be the cheapest available color computer at the time. It was a well supported platform with a variety of companies developing software for it, including many games. There were eight models of the Spectrum produced between 1982 and 1987, and the recognizable computer spawned a good deal of clones and imitators.